Detailed explanation of the most complete decorati

2022-07-22
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Hangzhou home network http://hangzhou.qeeka.com Design phase I Looking for a design company 1 Prerequisites for excellent design companies: architectural decoration design qualification is divided into professional grade A, grade B, grade C and professional grade qualifications. Only those with strong comprehensive strength can obtain grade A and grade B qualifications

Hangzhou home network http://hangzhou.qeeka.com Design phase I Looking for a design company

1 Prerequisites for excellent design companies:

architectural decoration design qualifications are divided into professional grade A, grade B, grade C and professional grade qualifications. Only those with strong comprehensive strength can obtain grade A and grade B qualifications

general design companies often carefully design their own design companies. Therefore, the decoration of the design company itself can often see the design level and design style of the company

in addition, the level of design companies cannot be fully reflected in simple comparisons, and only those suitable for themselves are the best; There are also differences between designers in design companies. Therefore, we cannot blindly believe oral rumors

2. Hardware facilities and software environment of excellent design companies:

hardware facilities are the prerequisite for assessing design companies. In order to complete one or more sets of designs, general design companies must at least complete hand-painted drawings, three-dimensional renderings, construction details, drawing boards and drawing tools, high-performance computers (with good configuration conditions), printers, plotters (which can draw engineering drawings above A3), and scanners. In addition, due to the limitation of business volume and high purchase cost of enterprises, equipment such as chart printer is generally entrusted to professional institutions, which are not available in general enterprises

soft environment is a necessary condition for assessing whether a design company can produce excellent works. Only enterprises with elegant design environment, good learning conditions, good incentive conditions and fair assessment can produce more good works. Choosing a design company should be considered at the same time as choosing a designer. Sometimes choosing a design company is often choosing a designer

the charging method of the design company is different from that of the charging

the charging method of the design is generally divided into two times. The first time is to pay half when signing the design contract, and the second time is when reading the first draft of the design

design fee level: according to the level of designers, the highest fees are generally well-known designers, up to tens of thousands, often foreigners or Hong Kong and Taiwan people; The second is senior designers, generally no less than 150 yuan/square meter; Then there is the chief designer, usually between 120-70 yuan/square meter; Generally, designers charge 75-45 yuan/square meter. There are also some decoration company designers are free of charge

II Looking for designers

1 How to investigate designers:

excellent designers need to have at least good aesthetic views and painting skills, excellent room planning ability, certain housing structure theory, be able to flexibly apply ergonomic theory to actual design, and be proficient in CAD software, 3D design, Photoshop software and other related graphics processing software

in addition, they also need to have good communication skills, understanding ability, rigorous and serious attitude, and the quality of humility and trustworthiness. Some designers often show a little rebellious

2. How to cooperate with designers

distrust is the most taboo when cooperating with designers

cooperation with designers must be punctual, which is the responsibility of both parties

when cooperating with designers, we must explain as many problems as possible in advance

III Schematic design

1 Simple suggestions when meeting and talking at first

generally, when the owner and the designer talk for the first time, the designer often provides simple suggestions for the reason of low trust between both sides. From these suggestions, we can see that the designer can skillfully use the ability of design, and can also roughly understand the designer's personality

but never draw a bad conclusion from the first simple conversation. Because designers' creative inspiration comes not only from the first feeling, but also from the improvement in the process of creation

2. A comprehensive understanding of the owner determines the design style

the bedroom is for the owner to live, and the design style should also depend on the owner rather than the designer, but the design details should be finalized by the designer. To understand the owner, we should clarify the family structure of the owner (such as a family of three, three generations together), age structure (such as the child has gone to primary school, has not been married, parents have retired, etc.), the personality of the family leading personnel (such as the wife dominated family, whether the wife's hobby is European style or minimalism, etc.), economic conditions and occupation

3. Understanding of the house

the characteristics of the house determine the design scheme

house characteristics first include factors such as room type, orientation, floor, and the connection of various functional areas

house features also include specific dimensions, which are determined by the measured dimensions

measure the size of the house - generally, the company carries out it after signing the design contract, and this part of the cost should be included in the design fee

notes on measuring the house:

1. The straight-line length is correct

2. The angle is correct

3. Don't forget to measure the height of the house

4. Don't forget to measure the details such as the balcony of doors and windows, air conditioning holes, downpipes, and the opening method of the entrance door

5. Clarify the connection relationship

6. Accurately measure the water and electricity pipelines and the connection relationship

7 After drawing the initial drawing, if conditions permit, it is necessary to review it. The result is the accurate drawing of the original house plan

basic layout

Step 1: determine the relationship between the porch, dining room, living room and stairs (if any)

Step 2: determine the function of the room, that is, determine whether to design the study, the elderly room and children's room

Step 3: determine the traffic line, Meet the relationship between indoor action and furniture layout

step 4: determine the style, design the theme wall, choose the color

communicate repeatedly

because the understanding of the owner is not completed at one time, the communication between the owner and the designer should be repeated, and as many questions as possible should be explained clearly, especially the above factors should be fully understood

scheme design result "layout plan (first draft)" and design effect drawing

IV Design draft

1 Layout design

complete the supplement and deepening design of details on the basis of scheme design

porch: determine whether to use it according to the specific scale, style and owner's preferences, and modeling

living room: determine the modeling used according to the specific scale, style, theme wall and owner's preferences, as well as the application of echo, contrast and design aesthetics

restaurant: determine the shape adopted according to the specific scale, style, theme wall and owner's preferences, as well as the application of echo, contrast and design aesthetics

stairs: consider the design method according to the characteristics of the room and the age, physical condition and economic ability of family members

bedroom: determine the shape adopted according to the specific scale, style, theme wall and owner's preferences, as well as the application of echo, contrast and design aesthetics

study: determine the shape adopted according to the specific scale, style, theme wall and owner's preferences, as well as the application of echo, contrast and design aesthetics

2. Furnishing design

shall be completed at the same time according to the scheme design and layout design

living room: choose furniture, floral decorations, curtains, etc. according to the space size and the owner's preferences

restaurant: choose furniture, floral decorations, curtains, etc. according to the space size and the owner's preferences

bedroom: choose furniture, floral decorations, curtains, etc. according to the space size and the owner's preferences

study: choose furniture, floral decorations, curtains, etc. according to the space size and the owner's preferences

3 Color design

color: Yellow - bright, rich, warm, but also impetuous feeling

Red Department - warm, exciting, festive, but also unstable feeling

Blue Department - mysterious, rational, calm, but also negative, estranged feeling

Green Department - quiet, peaceful, fresh, but also negative feeling

Orange Department - warm, cheerful, exciting, but also impetuous, unstable feeling

White Department - soft, pure, neat, but also monotonous Negative feeling

gray system - elegant, simple, moderate, but also has a very personalized feeling

lamps: light produces color main lamp - for lighting, and the shape of lamps is determined

local lighting - mainly used for local lighting, such as study table lamp, bedside lamp, living room coffee table lamp and other decorative lamps - for auxiliary atmosphere, generally downlight, spotlight, etc

4. Results of the first draft of the design:

improve the layout plan, top layout plan, paving material design drawing (first draft), and special design conditions

the first draft of the design: it is generally completed by the responsible contracted designer, which determines the construction cost to a great extent

v Special research design

1 Design content

includes water inlet pipe design drawing, drainage pipe design drawing, lamp circuit drawing, socket circuit drawing, weak current design drawing, air conditioning design drawing and circuit drawing, floor heating and other equipment design drawing. It is best to be completed by different professional designers

2. Toilet design

sanitary ware: determine the shape of sanitary ware based on the overall design style, and then select sanitary ware

faucet according to the economic ability and needs of the owner: determine

3 according to the selected sanitary ware and the economic ability of the owner Kitchen design

cabinets: those entrusted to professional cabinet companies for design and construction are generally completed by these companies themselves. Self construction can be completed by the responsible contracted designer

sink: determine the shape of sanitary ware based on the overall design style, and choose sanitary ware more according to the economic ability and needs of the owner

electrical appliances: determine the shape of electrical appliances based on the overall design style, and choose electrical appliances more according to the economic ability and needs of the owner

4 Hydropower design content: water, strong current, weak current

design drawing of inlet pipe: indoor water pipe direction, connection and outlet location. According to the design conditions provided by the responsible designer, according to the characteristics of the house, the layout is flexible according to the specification requirements. It is suggested that the indoor water pipe should be on the roof

design drawing of drainage pipe: it is determined according to the position of sanitary ware, the position of outdoor drainage pipe, indoor drainage hole and the height and size of sanitary ware

lamp circuit diagram: according to the design load requirements, determine the lamp position according to the national specifications, and arrange the wiring

socket circuit diagram: according to the design load requirements, determine the socket location and arrange the wiring according to the national specifications

weak current design drawing: according to the design load requirements, determine the position of weak current panel according to national specifications, and arrange the wiring

the secret water pipe should be inside the ceiling as far as possible, so that even if the water leakage is easy to be found, at the same time, the loss of the floor can be minimized

the water supply pipe of ordinary apartment generally adopts branch pipe 4 ", main pipe 6". However, due to the large water transmission capacity of villas, the general main pipe can be 1-inch pipe, branch pipe 4 ", sub main pipe 6"

the secret script socket should be arranged in more places where it may be needed, and it must not be saved in this aspect. Even considering the use of vacuum cleaners, it should also be arranged in more places, but we must pay attention to beauty

5. HVAC design

determine the location of air outlet and air inlet according to the contracted designer and house characteristics, and then determine the direction and connection of air duct on the basis of considering its own products. In turn, the size of the air duct affects the performance of the contracted designer

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